Written by: Heather Donaldson
The Canadian House of Commons passed Bill C-4 on March 13, 2020 and proclaimed the majority of the bill in force July 1, 2020, concurrent with the coming into force of the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA). However, several sections of the bill will not come into effect until July 1, 2021 and some as late as the sixth anniversary of the day CUSMA took effect. CUSMA replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) the previous legislation in force since January 1, 1994.
There are two components to Bill C-4. The first is a stand-alone implementation act incorporating CUSMA into Canadian law. The second is a series of amendments to existing legislation bringing them into compliance with obligations under CUSMA. These amendments are called consequential amendments. Some of the legislation affected by consequential amendments include the Customs Act, Criminal Code, Copyright Act, and Bank Act, to name a few. The complete list of related amendments can be found under Part 2 of Bill C-4.
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